The Modern &The Postmodern Periods

Thursday, May 26, 2011 - Posted by chameli at 1:57 AM
The death of Queen Victoria to the beginning of the Second World War is called the Modern Period . Form 1939 onward is called the Postmodern  Period .According to the reign of king  7th Edward ,the Modern Period includes two shorter ages .The first decade of the Modern Period is called the Edwardian  Period .The years between 1910 to 1936 of this period is called the Georgian Period according to the reign of 5th George .The poets who published their poems in four anthologies entitled Georgian Poetry  are called ''Georgian poets''.    Major Writers and their Major works:
Henry James (1843-1916)
> The Wings of the Dove (1902)
> The Ambassadors (1903)
> The Golden Bowl (1904)
Joseph Conrad (1857-1924)
> Lord Jim: A Tale (1900)
> The Nigger of the Narcissus (1898)
> Under Western Eyes (1911)
> Heart of Darkness (1902)
> Nostromo(1904)
George Robert Gissing (1857-1903)
>The Nether World (1889)
>The Whirlpool (1897)
> Born in Exile (1892)
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)
>Plain Tales from the Hills (1888)
>Kim(1901)
>Puck of Pook's Hill(1906)
>Limits and Renewals (1932)
George Bernard Show (1856-1950)
>The Philanderer(1905)
>Arms and the Man (1894)
>Man and Superman (1905)
>Pygmalion (1913)
>Heartbreak House (1921)
>St.Joan (1924)
John Millington Synge (1871-1909)
>The Shadow of the Glen (1903)
>Riders to the Sea (1904)
>The Well of the Saints (1905)
>The Playboy of the Western World (1907)
>The Tinker's Wedding (1907)
Oscar Wilde (1856-1900)
>Lady Windermere;s Fan (1892)
>A Woman of No Importance (1893)
>An Ideal Husband (1895)
>The Importance of Being Earnest (1895)
William Butler Yeats (1865-1939)
>The Wild Swans at Coole (1919)
>The Tower (1928)
The Winding Stair and Other Poems (1933)
>The Resurrection (1913)
>The Cat and the Moon (1926)
John Masefield (1878-1967)
>Midsummer Night (1928)
>Collected Poems (1932)
>End Beginning (1932)
>Wonderings (1943)


Works Of Romantic Literian

Saturday, May 14, 2011 - Posted by chameli at 3:04 AM
William Wordsworth(1770-1850)
>Lyrical Ballads (1798)
>The Prelude (1850)
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)
>Biographia Literaria (1817)
>The Rime of Ancient Mariner (1798)
Lord Byron (1788-1824)
>Don Juan (1824)
>The Vision of Judgement (1822)
Percy bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)
>Prometheus Unbound (1820)
>Adonais (1821) 
>A Defence of Poetry (1840)
John Keats (1795-1821)
>Endymion (1818)
>Hyperion (1820)
>Odes and other poems 
>Letters 
Jane Austen (1775-1817)
>Pride and Prejudice (1797)
>Sense and Sensibility (1797-98)
>Mansfield Park (1814)
>Emma (1816)
Charles Lamb (1775-1834)
>The Essays of Elia (1823)
>The Last Essays of Elia (1833)
William Hazlitt (1778-1830)
>The Spirit of the Age (1825)
>The Dramatic Literature of the Age of Elizabeth (1820)
   

Works Of Victorian Literian

Wednesday, May 11, 2011 - Posted by chameli at 4:54 AM
Alfred Lord Tennyson(1809-1892)
>Poems (1833)
> In Memoriam (1850)
>Maud Other Poems (1855)
Robert Browning (1812-1889)
>Dramatic Lyrics (1842)
>Men and Women (1855)
>Dramatis Personae(1864)
Matthew Arnold (1822-1888)
>Essays in Criticism (1888)
>Culture and Anarchy (1867)
Edward Fitzgerald (1809-1883)
>Rubaiyat (1859)
Charles Dickens (1812-1870)
>The Pickwick Papers (1836)
>Oliver Twist (1837)
>David Coperfield (1850)
>Bleak House (1852)
>A Tale of Two Cities (1859)
>Great Expectations (1861)
William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-1863)
>Vanity Fair (1848)
>The Virginians (1859)
Emily Bronte (1818-1848)
>Wuthering Heights (1847)
George Eliot (1819-1880)
>The Mill on the Floss (1860)
>Adam Bede (1859)
>Silas Marner :The Weaver of Raveloe (1861)
Thomas Herdy (1840-1928)
>The Return of the Native (1878)
>The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886)
>Tess of the D'Urbervilles (1891)
John stuart Mill (1806-1873)
>On liberty (1859)
Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800-1859)
>History of England (1809-61)
Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882)
>The Origin of Species (1859)
>The Descent of Man (1871)
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
>Das Capital (1867)
Cardinal Newman(1801-1890)
>The Idea of University
>Loss and Gain

Robert Herrick

Thursday, May 5, 2011 - Posted by chameli at 10:55 PM
Life of Robert Herrick
Robert Herrick was born in Cheapside, London, in 1592.He was the seventh child of Nicholas Herrick, a prosperous goldsmith.In 1592, Nichlolas  killed himself by jumping from the fourth-floor window of his house.
There is no record of Herrick attending school,although it is possible he attended William Herrick .In 1607 , he became apprentice to his uncle Sir William Herrick as a goldsmith. Herrick entered St'John's College , Cambridge in 1613. graduated a Bachelor of Arts in 1617. , and Master of Arts in 1620. He became the elder of the ''Sons of Ben'', Calvalier poets who idolized Ben Jonson , mixing in literary circles in London .On April 24, 1623 Herrick was ordained an Episcopal minister and acted as chaplain to Buckingham on the expedition to the Ile de Re  . In 1623 he was appointed by Charles 1 to the living of Dean Prior in the diocese of Exeter , a post he reluctantly accepted . There , in Devon , he lived in the seclusion of country life, and wrote some of his best  work , never completely ceasing , however , to long for the pleasures of London.In 1647 ,under the Commonwealth , he was expelled from the priory by the Protectorate government for refusing the Solemn League and Covenant, and returned to London . In  1648 Herrick published his major collection , Hesperides , consisting of 1200 poems.Included separately in Hesperides was the subsection Noble Numbers , for the poems with sacred Subjects With the restoration of Charles 2 in 1660 he returned to Doven where he died and was buried a bachelor in 1674 at the age of eighty-three.

Works Of Modern &Postmodern Literian

Sunday, May 1, 2011 - Posted by chameli at 1:11 AM
Major Writers and their Major works:

Henry James (1843-1916)
> The Wings of the Dove (1902)
> The Ambassadors (1903)
> The Golden Bowl (1904)
Joseph Conrad (1857-1924)
> Lord Jim: A Tale (1900)
> The Nigger of the Narcissus (1898)
> Under Western Eyes (1911)
> Heart of Darkness (1902)
> Nostromo(1904)
George Robert Gissing (1857-1903)
>The Nether World (1889)
>The Whirlpool (1897)
> Born in Exile (1892)
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)
>Plain Tales from the Hills (1888)
>Kim(1901)
>Puck of Pook's Hill(1906)
>Limits and Renewals (1932)
George Bernard Show (1856-1950)
>The Philanderer(1905)
>Arms and the Man (1894)
>Man and Superman (1905)
>Pygmalion (1913)
>Heartbreak House (1921)
>St.Joan (1924)
John Millington Synge (1871-1909)
>The Shadow of the Glen (1903)
>Riders to the Sea (1904)
>The Well of the Saints (1905)
>The Playboy of the Western World (1907)
>The Tinker's Wedding (1907)
Oscar Wilde (1856-1900)
>Lady Windermere;s Fan (1892)
>A Woman of No Importance (1893)
>An Ideal Husband (1895)
>The Importance of Being Earnest (1895)
William Butler Yeats (1865-1939)
>The Wild Swans at Coole (1919)
>The Tower (1928)
The Winding Stair and Other Poems (1933)
>The Resurrection (1913)
>The Cat and the Moon (1926)
John Masefield (1878-1967)
>Midsummer Night (1928)
>Collected Poems (1932)
>End Beginning (1932)
>Wonderings (1943)

History of English Literature

Tuesday, April 26, 2011 - Posted by chameli at 3:37 PM
The history of English Literature is very closely related to the history of the English people. It began with the emergence of the English nation and then onward kept on developing withe the social development of the nation. In the history of the English there had been several religious and political changes. Several scientific discoveries and inventions also changed the style of life. Each of those changes reflected a change in it's literature. In the English people and in the history of English Literature, there were different phases of progress. Each of those phases, known as "Age" or "Period". It has been given a particular name. Sometimes according to the name of the king or queen, sometimes after the name of a grate writer, and sometimes according to the spirit of the time. Different historians have given then different names because some of the ages have got more than one name. Similarly the duration of a particular age also differs according to the choice of the historians. Some of the ages are subdivided into smaller ages. English Literature differ from historian to historian. Thus, the history of English Literature has 8 period.
The old English period (450-1066)
This age started in the 50 country. When the Jutes, Angles and Saxons came to English from Germany, defeated the English tribes and started their reign. This time had no vehicles. In ended in1066 with the Norman conquest.
Features of this Periods
Most of the writers of this age are unknown except Caedmon who is held to be the first known poet of English and Bede, the first historian. Thought Christianity is traceable, paganism dominates the literary spirit of the time. Heroic deeds, love of glory savagery are the main features of the literature of this period.
The middle English Period (1066-1500)
This period started with the Norman conquest in 1066 and ended with the end of fifteenth century. There are shorter ages in this period. From 1066 to 1340 is called Anglo-Norman period because the literature of that period was written mainly in Anglo-Norman, the french dialect spoken by the new ruling class of England.
The period from 1340 to 1400 is called the age of chaucer, because chaucer, the great poet. He dominated this period. The time from 1066 to 1500 is also called The Middle Ages.The early part of the Middle Ages is called the Dark Ages because what actually happened during that time can hardly be known.
Feature of this Period
Prose got a strong foundation. Poetry served as the main genre and Drama began in the form of "Mystery Play", "Morality Play" and "Interlude". The writers of the age were greatly influenced by Dante, Petrach and Boccacio. Love, chivalry and religion are the three main literary ideals of this period. The spirit of romance pervades every writing of the time.
The Renaissance Period (1500-1660)
Though renaissance began in 1453, it's effect on English life and Literature was felt after 1500. For this reason it is generally accepted that the renaissance period began with the beginning of the 16th century and continued till the Restoration in 1660. The Renaissance spirit was the main force that characterized the Literature of this time.
Features of the Period
The Renaissance brought ancient Greek and Roman wisdom to England. The religious reformation taught religious tolerance and secularism. The geographical and astronomical enploration brought affluence and power. Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley, Keats and Byron were poets of this period.